(847) 485-0000
Find a
Center
 

Success

Error

Blogs

http://image.bestbrains.com/blog/lemon-shark/lemon-shark.jpg

lemon-shark-displays-wolverine-like-self-healing-skills

Lemon Sharks were first seen in the shallow subtropical waters on December of 2014. It was found that these species have been in existence for thousands of years and can live up to 400 years. Lemon sharks are the most predominant species with incredible survival mechanism. They have healing power like Wolverine, and their bodies are coved tough pore-like stainless steel.

This amazing discovery about the lemon sharks' ability to heal by themselves and their defense mechanism was noticed by Joanne Fraser during her regular shark feed dive in Florida. She noticed a lemon shark with a metal-like piece struck into its body. Having experience working with maritime experts in Florida, she quickly captured the unusual sight with her digital camera.

Fraser had so many encounters with the fish after that instance. She has documented every encounter with the fish with photographs and she found that the steel thing coming out from the lemon shark's body was a fish stringer. It is a steel device like a loop used by fishermen to hold the fish during their hunt.

During her last encounter with the shark, Fraser noticed that the shark had pushed the steel loop out from its body and healed itself with only proving a scar as an evidence of the incident.

Fraser sent her documentation and her experience with a lemon shark to Dr. Steven Kessel who is the Director of Maritime Exploration at Chicago Shedd Aquarium.

Dr. Kessel quickly started investigating the incident with the photographs and videos provided by Fraser, and published a report in the journal Marine and Freshwater Exploration on July 13, 2017. In his report, he said that there is no evidence of the entrance and no evidence that the shark has been stabbed on its outer body by a fisherman. Dr. Kessel also reported that the shark may have swallowed the fish stringer while consuming its prey. But he said the most astonishing thing was the size of the stringer it had swallowed. He said that the sharks have the ability to expel the foreign objects and undigested objects from their stomach.

The lemon shark expelling the fish stringer from its body shows the life sustaining ability of the wild oceans. With the documented evidence it was noticed that the lemon shark lived the stringer for 435 days. The shark was carrying a big stomach during the documentation indicating the destruction caused by the stringer has been pushed out from its body around February of 2016.

Marine scientists are positive about the regenerating damaged tissues in sharks. They think that microorganism may be playing a role during the shark's self-healing process.

However, the final document about the lemon shark was made on December 14, 2016. Showing the fish stringer was pushed out from the body and the wounds made by the metal were properly healed.

Read More

http://image.bestbrains.com/blog/galaxy's-smallest-known-star/galaxy's-smallest-star.PNG

galaxy's-smallest-star

The astronomers recently faltered upon a teeny star called 2MASS J0523-1403, and it was located just 40 light years away. As per them, it is not only the smallest star discovered so far, but it also represents the smallest possible star. By studying the stars; scientists are starting to be able to answer the questions — on where do the stars end and the brown dwarfs begin?

While the stars are the burning balls of gas held together by gravity that is powered by the fusion of hydrogen atoms to helium in their cores. They come in a variety of sizes; the smallest stars, are known as red dwarfs. These can possess as little as t% of the mass of our Sun, whereas the biggest stars or the hyper giants can be over 100 times as massive as the Sun. However, just how small can an object be and still be defined as a star? This has puzzled the astronomers for years. All that was formerly known is that objects below this limit don’t have sufficient mass to burn the fusion of hydrogen in their cores, and these objects are known as brown dwarfs. Brown dwarfs are intangible objects that are supposed to be the missing link between gas giants and low-mass stars such as red dwarfs. They’re usually around the size of Jupiter, but they don’t have enough mass to become a star. Unlike stars, brown dwarfs have no inner energy source.

However, there is another strange difference between brown dwarfs and stars; both of them have opposite relationships between mass and size. Though the more material you add to a star, in the form of hydrogen, the bigger the radius of the star. I.e. they increase their size as mass increases. Whereas, the brown dwarfs, on the other hand, actually shrink in size with increasing mass because of something called electron degeneracy pressure.

How do we find the limit that commands whether an object is a star or a brown dwarf?

To find this difference the astronomers scanned the skies and located objects that were supposed to lie around the stellar or the brown dwarf border. They then intended the light, temperatures, and radius of all of these objects and strategized them. The temperature is dependent on mass but it’s easier to measure; so they found that as temperature decreased, so did radius; this is the expected trend for stellar objects. But, they found that after temperatures of around 2100K there was a break till radius starts to increase with decreasing temperature; and this is the trend that would be expected for brown dwarfs.

galaxy's-smallest-star-best-brains-blog

Finally, the scientists can now pinpoint the specific temperature, light, and radius at which the main classification ends. However, the main classification is a relationship between luminosity and temperature and luminosity and radius; which need to be obeyed by stars throughout the majority of their lives. 2MASS J0523-1403 is located around this boundary but towards the stellar side. This star actually has a temperature of 2074K, which is the lowest described temperature so far for a main sequence of the star. It’s also the smallest and the least massive; if it had less mass then it can be a brown dwarf. This star has therefore been identified as a representative of the smallest possible star. However, it is theoretically possible that a star with a slightly smaller mass than 2MASS J0523-1403 could exist, but they still need to discover one.

Read More

http://image.bestbrains.com/blog/halloween-day/halloween1.jpg

halloween-day

Did you get your costume ready? It’s time to get your Halloween costume ready and prepare yourself with loads of chocolates to celebrate Halloween on October 31st, 2017. Halloween is celebrated the day before All Saints' Day. It’s a beautiful time for every kid to get dressed up in their favorite costume, carve the pumpkin, play pranks, and go trick or treating.

But where did Halloween come from and why do we celebrate it?

Halloween means "holy evening" or "hallowed evening." It is believed that Halloween is derived from ancient Celtic harvest festival of Samhain. The pre-medieval Celtics divided their year into two parts. One is “the light half” which this period consists of summer and spring where daylight is long and short night time. The second is “the dark half” which consists of winter and autumn where daylight is shorter and nights are longer. Celtics celebrated Samhain at the end of the first half of the year. But some people say that Halloween is an independent Christian festival.

Celtics believed that the boundary between the dead and living will be blurred on the night before the New Year. People celebrated this festival by wearing animal skins, animal heads, and telling the stories of their fortunes. Roman Empire has conquered most of Celtics regions and in the later years, they combine Celtics festivals with their festivals.

The pope announced that November 1 is the day Christians honor saints and martyrs and later it becomes a popular holiday, All Saints' Day. Following this holiday is All Souls' Day where the dead are remembered and people pray for the dead.

In the later years, Halloween becomes secular festival and one of the favorite festivals for kids. People visit their neighborhoods and ask for food and make it a tradition called “trick or treating”. Halloween is observed by most people in the world.

Some of the important facts about Halloween:

jack-O-lanterns

Masks: People wear masks during Halloween, pagans used to wear a mask to scare evils and it is combined with Halloween tradition. It was believed by pagans by wearing animal heads wandering spirits assume that they are also spirits and let them go free.

Jack O’ Lantern: this tradition brought to America by Irish immigrants. People originally used to carve scary faces on turnips. Later, they started carving on pumpkins, because of the lesser price of pumpkins.

Baking Halloween cake: Bakers try to keep a lot of details in the Halloween cakes. The prominent detail is a thimble, which is a sign of bad luck.

halloween-kids-best-brains-blog

Hiding knives: People in Germany hid knives in fear because they thought that the spirits may injure them with the knives.

Beans of the Dead:   It’s a favorite Halloween recipe for Italians called Fave de Morti. It’s a macaroon, cookies.

Read More

http://image.bestbrains.com/blog/national-diabetes-month/national-diabetes-month.jpg

national-diabetes-month

Each year in the month of November, the National Diabetes Month is celebrated and the communities across the country observe this day to bring awareness to Diabetes and its impact on millions of people. The government and the media are more concerned to increase the awareness among the people and are focused on the need to slow the “widespread” growth of Diabetes and pre-Diabetes in the United States.

However, the efforts to end Diabetes was first started by the American Diabetes Association’s Stop Diabetes campaign. This campaign helps people to take an online risk test to measure their personal risk of developing pre-Diabetes or Type 2 Diabetes. Then they refer them to a specialist who can recheck their test results, suggest a high risk, and how to come out of it.

Living with Diabetes can be challenging to everyone as managing it is a big task. While this is an essential month for the people to know more about it, you have teams who can help you to get proper knowledge on how you can plan your diet and get rid of it.

But what if you already have Diabetes or someone in your family has it? Is there anything in National Diabetes Month for you? Yes, of course, there is! For people who already have Diabetes, it’s a good time as any to take a look at your Diabetes management and ask yourself how things are going and how you need to work on them.

Commit yourself to new healthy habits for one month. Here are some tips for you which may help you to have good health:

Lifestyle habits — are not just eating and exercising. But you have to know the best way to manage your general health and your Diabetes management. While these habits may affect your blood glucose levels directly, and others may have a more indirect effect, allowing or preventing you from carrying out your daily practices.

More sleep — Not getting enough sleep can increase insulin resistance, meaning your body needs more insulin to get glucose into your cells. This can lead to higher blood glucose levels and is supposed to have other negative health effects. Whereas, the inadequate sleep also tends to leave you feeling fatigued during the day, and believe it makes harder for you to exercise, eat right, think good, remember, and cope with stress.

Drink more water — Dehydration can make you feel tired and because thirst is often mistaken for hunger, it can also make you eat more. Drinking more water can make you feel soothed and help your body function in the better way. But, remember if you’re not dehydrated, drinking more water in place of caloric or alcoholic beverages will probably be good for your health. While the calories consumed in liquids don’t incline to satisfy hunger the way calories in food do, so make a habit to intake more liquids, and quench your thirst with water, then eat food if you’re hungry.

Try to inspect your feet every day. Yes, you may not probably find nothing of great attention on your feet in a month of daily checking, but it’s never too early to familiarize yourself with what your feet normally look like. In this way, if you find any changes then this will help you to know more why you see changes in your body and see a specialist.

Try a new fruit or vegetable — Fruits and vegetables offer many nutrition benefits, which include fiber, potassium, and other vitamins and minerals that are essential for everyone. While the amounts of various nutrients vary from different fruits and vegetables with more darker-colored, they produce more nutrients. Consuming such variety of fruits and veggies is an excellent way to gain a full range of benefits.

stop-diabetes

How to celebrate this day

Find a Diabetes-related event or activity that takes place in your area. As you will find many organizations sponsor events such as health fairs, walkathons, support groups, bike rides, and other activities that are aimed at raising public awareness of Diabetes, or offering education and support to people living with Diabetes. Not all of them take place during November, but most will have information available on when and how to sign up for upcoming events.

Read More

http://image.bestbrains.com/blog/world-pasta-day/world-pasta-day.jpg

world-pasta-day-best-brains-blog

World Pasta Day is celebrated every year on October 25. This day is specially created for the people who love to eat carbs daily. Every age of people loves to have pasta, yeah… but selecting their favorite sauce is up to them.

Pasta is a very versatile food and it comes in many shapes and sizes. It can be served cold or hot, as the main dish, side dish or accompanied with a salad.  Pasta is also a universal food that is served worldwide.

Let it be warm steaming spaghetti in a rich red sauce, black olives, and mushrooms, or a rich Chicken Fettuccine in a creamy garlic white sauce that will just blow your mind to go and grab it. Did you know that there are over 600 shapes of pasta and their names are descriptive of their shapes? Yes, that’s true every shape has a name and makes a lot of difference in look and taste. Spaghetti -‘cord’, vermicelli-like little worms, rotini - spirals, fusili like of spindles, tortellini -little cakes, linguini as in - little tongues, conchiglie shaped as shells, fettucine turned to be small ribbons, penne - quills and capellini as fine hairs. These are the savory little goodies which are essential to any pantry.

However, the Italian food made it famous, and it was only a gateway drug of pasta. While the Chinese Chow Mein and German Spaetzle are just a couple of other ways the world has taken pasta and fallen in love with this delicious dish.

History

The World Pasta Day came into existence as part of the World Pasta Congress on the 25th of October in the year 1995. Experts from all over the world came together to discuss the glories of the noodle, with specific emphasis on the importance of spreading knowledge of the world’s prospect of pasta. While this organization uses World Pasta Day to promote the eating of pasta, along with its cultural and cookery significance.

Everything from making the consumers try the new pasta and providing important information to institutions and people has increasingly raised its popularity and made it one of the popular foods in today’s global cuisine. Every country is encouraged to celebrate the day in their own way, and sharing the logo of the official organization.

How to celebrate the day

colourful-pasta-salad

One of the best ways to celebrate this day is to prepare your favorite dish with your favorite topping and sauce and enjoy it with your family or peers. The delicious flavors and textures that come along with this noodle favorite will definitely make your day yummy. Or you all can go out, and host a World Pasta day party, where everyone comes together to share their favorite dish. You can also collect the best recipes from the net and try to prepare it on your own and surprise your family. But, just don’t forget to make it rich, creamy, and overloaded with some great toppings.

Read More

http://image.bestbrains.com/blog/national-nut-day/national-nuts-day.jpg

national-nuts-day

Oct 22, 2017, is not just a regular Sunday, but it’s a nutritious Sunday. This Sunday is observed as “National Nut Day” every year. We know that nuts have been a primary source of nutritious food from primitive man to modern man. Nuts can be consumed in various forms, they can be cooked, roasted, eaten raw or sprouted, and can be used as ingredients in the breakfast cereal. Nuts contain mostly unsaturated and mono saturated fats which are good for your health.

Nuts not only give you good health but also add nutritious values as are rich sources of protein, and they contain vitamins like B2 and E, high valued minerals like phosphorus, selenium, magnesium, copper, and potassium. Nuts are very important to everyone, especially during snowfall season. They store nuts during autumn and use them during peak winter and spring which keeps them away from starving.

While there are many studies indicated that a person who consumes nuts on a daily basis will less likely to suffer from coronary heart disease. This was first discovered in 1993 and researchers encourage people to include nuts in their daily diet. Further studies said that consumption of nuts like walnut, almonds can reduce cholesterol concentration.

mixed_nuts_best-brains-blog

One study reported that people who consumed nuts with their regular diet lived to live two to three years longer than the people who did not consume nuts regularly. So it is advised to replace junk food with nuts so for longer life.

Eat these nuts regularly:

Almonds: There are lots of nutritious benefit in almonds, almonds can improve healthy cholesterol and reduce bad cholesterol which is dangerous to your heart. Almonds can be included in your weight loss diet program and it may lower blood pressure in people who are suffering from obesity.

Pistachios: These are high fiber nuts. Consuming two to three ounces of pistachios can decrease bad cholesterol and increase good cholesterol. Pistachios keep your heart healthy and control the blood sugar levels after a meal.

Walnuts: Omega-3 fatty acids are good for your health and walnuts are excellent sources of Omega-3 fatty acids and alpha-linolenic acid. Walnuts are good for the healthy heart, and control blood pressure and increase good cholesterol in your body.

Peanuts: Though peanuts belong to legume family they are often considered as nuts. They have a lot of nutritious values and health benefits. The study found that peanuts can reduce the death rates. They may reduce the occurrence of heart deceases, and they are very good notorious food for the people who are suffering from type 2 diabetes.

Hazelnuts:  Like all nuts, Hazelnuts are for heart and blood pressure, and improve blood vessel functionality reduces bad cholesterol, produces vitamin E in the body.

So don’t ignore to add these highly nutritious nuts in your daily diet. You can include nuts in your breakfast, and you can replace your bag of chips with nuts during your snack time.

Read More

http://image.bestbrains.com/blog/american-pharmacists-month/aphm1.png

american-pharmacists-month

Every October in the United States is known as American Pharmacists Month and the American Pharmacists Association - APhA celebrates the activities of pharmacists and educates the public, patients, policymakers and other health professionals about pharmacists and their expanding role in patient care as vital members of the healthcare team.

The month-long observance identifies the impact that pharmacists have on refining the medication use and advancing patient care throughout all practice settings. It is a way to inspire and stir up the pharmacy profession, and also exciting for the community to - Know Your Pharmacist and Know Your Medicine, the theme for American Pharmacists Month. The APhA message is based on unique essential fact seen in pharmacies, clinics, and other healthcare sites every day; however, the more that patients interact with their pharmacist it will help them to know more about their medications.

During the American Pharmacists Month, the APhA makes a special effort to promote awareness about the broad array, its services, and how pharmacists offer - beyond the safe distribution of medication - such as education, prevention and general wellness. While few examples are as follows: seasonal and lifespan immunizations; medication reviews to measure safety, efficiency and effectiveness, interactions and adherence; care management through proper counseling for disease states such as diabetes, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure; and smoking cessation counseling, etc.

American Pharmacists Month

The main goal of APhA is to highlight the importance of this special month and to support the people and profession’s engagement. The APhA dedicates part of its website to American Pharmacists Month, so that everyone can have a look and they are able to know about the tips on outreach and messaging to spread the word. This helps to spread a variety of ideas which not only inspire the activities and events, but also improves the promotional items featuring the theme and logo. In addition to pharmacists, APhA encourages student pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, and chapters of the APhA Academy of Student Pharmacists - APhA-ASP to use any of this information while celebrating on campus and in the community.

In 2016, the American Pharmacists Month was celebrated with great events and number of activities by APhA, some include a Capitol Hill Health Fair held on September 22nd; where the general public, members of Congress and staff, got their flu shots and health screenings, including bone density, cholesterol, glucose, blood pressure, and body composition; and media and social media campaigns.

If you want to take place in such events and participate in any fun activities then visit your nearest pharmacy which conducts health-related community events.

Read More

http://image.bestbrains.com/blog/forgetting-things/forgetting-things-01.png

forgetting-things-may-make-you-smarter

The recent research suggests that the attacks of forgetfulness could cause a safety mechanism in the brain designed to make sure we're not loaded with information. In other words, the specialists say that it's a healthy part of the brain's operation. In their words, they say that it might come as a relief if we are always forgetting where we left our belongings like house keys and some other stuff, but this could also possibly teach us more about how our brain operates.

According to two well-known researchers from the University of Toronto in Canada, the memory isn't envisioned to help communicate the most accurate information, but it would be rather the most useful information that can help us make smart decisions in the future. However, it is always very important that the brain forgets immaterial details and instead focuses on the stuff that's going to help us to make decisions in the real world.

While some researchers took this in a different approach and to the idea of memory and looked at the neurobiology of remembering, or perseverance, while others looked at the neurobiology of forgetting, or transience.

However, researchers found evidence of the thoughtful weakening of the synaptic connections between neurons that help to encrypt memories, as well as the signs in which the new neurons overwriting existing memories exit, to make them harder to access. So why is the brain spending time trying to make us forget?

Primarily, forgetting helps us adjust to new circumstances by letting go of our old memories we don't need. So, in this way if your favorite coffee shop has moved to the other side of the town, and you find a new one closer to you, your brain will let you forget the old location and thus, help you remember the new one.

In another way, forgetting allows us to generalize our past events and help us to make decisions about new ones. There is a concept known in artificial intelligence as regularization. Which means when you just tend to remember the main gist of your previous visits to that coffee shop; rather than every little detail, it will then be less work for your brain to figure out how to behave the next time you go in there.

Now – when you try to navigate the world your brain will constantly bring up the multiple conflicting memories, such things make it harder for you to make knowledgeable decisions.

forgetting-things-memory-loss-best-brains-blog

In this way, the researchers also think the amount of forgetting we do could be contingent on the environment, and with a faster pace of change would definitely require a faster pace of forgetting too.

In one of the recent experiments, it was proved that forgetting information we need to remember too often is a frustrating practice and this can be a sign of more serious problems. But new research suggests that at a certain level of forgetfulness is actually a built-in mechanism which is designed to make us smarter.

The point of memory is to make you a smart person; who can make wise decisions given the circumstances, and the important aspect in helping you do that is being able to forget some information which is not important to remember.

Read More

http://image.bestbrains.com/blog/national-fossil-day/national_fossil-day.jpg

national-fossil-day

National Fossil Day is created to bring scientific and educational awareness to people and is celebrated on the second Wednesday of October.

National Fossil Day is celebrated nationwide and was first held on October 13th, 2010, during Earth Science Week. Within this week National Park Service and over 270 partners, including scientific institutions, organizations, museums and other groups hosted events across the United States allowing the public prospects to learn more about the world’s fossil heritage. Many parks, universities and non-profit organizations also take part in the events.

A new National Fossil Day logo is created each year depicting a prehistoric organism. This logo helps to promote National Fossil Day and provide educational institutions an opportunity to share more information about fossils.   The original National Fossil Day logo was created in the year 2010 and presented a fossil mammal known as the Titan. But, in the year 2011, a marine reptile known as the mosasaur was used as the National Fossil Day logo. In the mammoth was featured in the annual logo. A Paleozoic invertebrate known as the eurypterid was highlighted in the annual logo for the year 2013.

blog-national-fossil-day

In 2015 the National Fossil Day's artwork features a prehistoric mammal known as a Chalicothere, portrayed in a Miocene prairie grassland. For the National Fossil Day's artwork in the year 2016 it featured a saber-toothed cat, long-horned bison, and a condor, all Pleistocene (ice age) animals, logos in the year 2016.

national-fossil-day-cu-fossils-flat-unsharp

How to celebrate this Day

Visit any local museum or gather your friends to do some research about fossils.

best-brains-blog-national-fossil-day

Read More