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Memorial Day

Posted By: Best Brains May-18, 2017 Activities Best BrainsGeneral Knowledge - BBSocial Awareness - Best BrainsReading SkillsEnvironment
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Memorial Day

Memorial Day is a federal holiday in the United States. This is a day we celebrate to honor the people who died while serving in the country's armed forces. Memorial day is observed every year on the last Monday of May. This day is also originated as Decoration Day after the American Civil War in 1868, when the Grand Army of the Republic, an organization of Union veterans founded in Decatur, Illinois, recognized it as a time for the nation to adorn the graves of the soldiers that died during theUnion War with flowers. But, by the 20th century, challenging Union and Confederate holiday traditions, it was celebrated on different days and had merged, Memorial Day finally extended to honor all the Americans who died while in the Army services. It marks the start of anunofficial summer vacation season, while you have Labor Day which marks its end.  You can see many people visiting the cemeteries and memorials, and many volunteers place an American flag on each grave in national cemeteries.

Memorial Day

While you have the Annual Decoration Days for particular cemeteries which will be held on a Sunday in late spring or sometimes in the early summer in some rural areas of the American South, particularly in the mountain areas. People gather on the designated day and put flowers on graves and renew contacts with relatives and others. You will often have a religious service and a picnic-like dinner on the grounds; and the traditional term for a potluck meal at some churches. It is believed that this observe began before the American Civil War and thus it also reflects the real origin of the "memorial day" idea.

Do not get Memorial Day confused with Veterans Day; Memorial Day is a day of remembering the men and women who died while serving for the country, and Veterans Day is celebrated in the service for all the U.S. military veterans.

Memorial Day is a federal holiday, and all non-essential Government offices remain closed. You will find most of the public transportation systems closed on their regular schedule. Plan this day and have a nice short vacation, or you can visit your friends or family. Be aware of the traffic congestion on highways and at airports.

History

As we know that Memorial Day started as an event to respect Union soldiers who had died during the American Civil War. The day was inspired by the way people in the Southern states honored their dead. After World War I, it was extended to include all men and women who died in any war or military action.

Memorial Day was originally known as Decoration Day; however, the current name for this day did not come into use until after the World War II. Decoration Day and then Memorial Day used to be held on May 30th, regardless of the day of the week, on which it falls. In 1968, the Uniform Holidays Bill was passed as part of a move to use federal holidays to create three-day weekends. By the bill, this is meant that from 1971, Memorial Day has been officially observed on the last Monday in May. However, it took a longer period for all the American states to be familiar with the new date.

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International Museum Day

Posted By: Best Brains May-16, 2017 Study Tips - BBActivities Best BrainsGeneral Knowledge - BBReading SkillsEnvironment
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International Museum Day

The worldwide community of museums celebrate International Museum Day on May18th every year.

While the main objective of this day is to raise the awareness and the facts about the museums. Do you know that Museums are a significant means of cultural exchange, enrichment of cultures and development of mutual considerate, cooperation and peace among people? You can see and know about many things preserved in these museums.

Today participation in International Museum Day is growing among museums all over the world; and since 2016, more than 35,000 museums participated in this event in145 countries. Participants will be fully excited to take part in this event; which can be for an hour, a nightor even for an entire week.

Such events also help the organizers, or the committee members of the museum, to oversee the safeguard and protection to the world's heritage that lies both within and beyond their walls. In the Siena Charter, the cultural scenery is proposed as the country where we live which surrounds us with the images and symbols that identify and characterize it.

According to this vision, the landscape is considered as the framework of geographic historical, economic, social and cultural in which museums exist and function.

History

The International Council of Museums (ICOM) established International Museum Day in the year 1977. The organization chooses a different theme every year to make the event more memorable and some of the themes include globalization, bridging cultural gaps, indigenous people and caring for the environment. Every year since 1977, all the museums in the world are invited to participate in this day to promote the role of museums to take in the development of society around the world.  However, this initiative has proven successful according to The International Council of Museums - ICOM President Hans-Martin Hinz Museum; while the visitors should learn about the past and enjoy the diversity of cultures preserved in such places.

This day is becoming steadily more popular since its creation, with International Museum Day 2009 20,000 museums in over 100 countries participated.being participated. In 2012, the number of participating museums had jumped to more than 30 plus thousands in 135 plus countries.

International Museum Day

How to Celebrate Museum Day

Visit a nearby museum, either with your family,  friends or even with your school if it's planning a field trip. If in case you feel the museum which is near to you is too old for you to appreciate the place, then ask your parents to take you a newer or more popular location depending on where you live, as the museums that might be closest to you could be ones connected with anything from farming to fashion, may be about astronomy to archaeology, or on art to natural history; let it be anything, but visiting such museums will always help you to learn something or other. You can even plan for carpooling with a friend or two to make the trip cheaper and very possibly more interesting.

Another thing to remember is to think how good you can be in the crowd. As Museum Day has become an increasingly popular worldwide event, it's quite possible that you may find many to the larger crowds on this day. Before you visit a museum check about the entrance fee and other charges if they have, as many museums do not charge an entrance fee during this time. Make your trip simple and have patience as you may need to stand in lines for a long time. In case you do not feel like standing in long lines to see every single thing or having to maneuver your way through crowds of people, you can visit the museum of your choice a few days before or after Museum Day so that you can avoid the crowds. On weekdays, museums are often quiet places where one can come to study about our ancestors’ lifestyles and think what motivated them to behave and develop as they did.

International Museum Day

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National Limerick Day

Posted By: Best Brains May-12, 2017 Activities Best BrainsGeneral Knowledge - BBSocial Awareness - Best BrainsReading SkillsEnvironment
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National Limerick Day

Limerick Day is a fun holiday celebrated on May 12th, each year. It is an unofficial holiday in many places and is celebrated on the birthday of Writer Edward Lear. Lear is a famous English artist, author, poet and an illustrator. He is also famous for his literary nonsense in poetry, prose and especially his limerick poems, a form he popularized.

Edward was very familiar with his writings and his principal areas of work as an artist were threefold: as a draughtsman employed to illustrate birds and animals; he is famous in making colored drawings during his journeys, which he reworked later, at times as plates for his travel books; as a -minor; an illustrator of Alfred Tennyson’s poems. When he became an author, he is well known for his popular nonsense collections of poems, songs, short stories, alphabets,  botanical drawings and recipes. Lear also composed and published twelvemusical settings of Tennyson’s poetry.

History

Edward Lear was born on May 12th or 13th, 1812. It is believed that the term limerick refers to a specific genre of poetry that comes from the city of Limerick, Ireland.  The national Limerick Day also celebrates the limerick poem, which is very by Edward Lear’s book “Book of Nonsense” published in 1846. Since then Lear was very popular for his poetry.

National Limerick Day

A limerick is a very short genre poetry which traditionally has five or six lines; and has an AABBA rhyme style. Which means it is the pattern of rhymes in a poem. To identify the rhyme pattern style, each line is designated with a letter. The lines that share a letter rhyme and have words at the end that rhyme with each other. That means in a limerick, an AABBA rhyme scheme, the words at the end of the first second, and fifth sentences rhyme, while the words at the end of the third and fourth sentence rhyme with each other.  However, the Limerick also has a particular rhythm which is formally described as anapestic trimeter.

Traditionally, the first line of a limerick introduced a person or a place; and the rest of the poem described a funny and often times obscene situations involving the subject or the place.

How to celebrate

  • Read some of Lear's limericks on this day and also check out other poets' limericks as well.
  • Write your own limericks and share with your family and pals,
  • Gather in a place and read some nice limericks and enjoy with your friends.

National Limerick Day

Did You Know…

...that the oldest surviving poem — The Epic of Gilgamesh, is from about 2100 BCE?

 

 

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Clean Up Your Room Day

Posted By: Best Brains Apr-10, 2017 Study Tips - BBActivities Best BrainsGeneral Knowledge - BBSocial Awareness - Best BrainsEnvironment
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National Clean Up Your Room Day!

Do you have ever have the thought of making your room to be a forest, or filled with your favorite cars, bikes, flowers, animals or some other giant things? Then this is the day you can fulfill your wish.

Let's make our home clean and add some of our favorite things to it. As today is  National Clean Up Your Room Day; spend some time in getting your home/room to look and feel clean and fresh this spring.

How to observe

National Clean Up Your Room Day isn’t just for kids to clean their rooms, but it is about picking up the unwanted stuff and packing them up to donate or throw away. This is a day to do some serious spring cleaning and make your surroundings more pleasant and beautiful. Try to clean out a messy closet or even your entire home. Parents can also help their children to make their beds, clean their rooms and eliminate the toys and clothing they have outgrown.

National Clean Up Your Room Day!

This day also helps us in collecting or gathering some of your favorite missing things like toys, socks, tees, dresses, bags and much more. Begin your spring-cleaning by putting things away, or putting things in their proper places so that everything you arrange will look good. Create piles for trash and donate whatever is not in use.  Once you have decluttered, it will become much easier for you to do the actual vacuuming, dusting and/or scrubbing.

Take a colorful basket and keep your trash or toys in such a way that it looks good. Or pick the colors and paint your home. Once you start cleaning your home and make it beautiful you will see a big difference with having a clean and nice home. It'll really be worth all of your hard work.

National Clean Up Your Room Day

How to make this day more fun:

  • If your parents are planning to paint your home, then join them by suggesting good colors that fit your home.
  • Give your siblings small activities like shifting the things from one room to other; as they can do it with ease.
  • Organize the toys and books and get rewards from your parents for keeping your home clean.
  • Get your family together, before your start your day and plan how to do this activity.
  • Make cleaning a fun chore.
  • Put on some fun or good music and dance while you clean your home.
  • Start with some rewards; and announce who crossed the milestones first.
  • The first and fastest person can have some break in between the cleaning activity.
  • Announce who did the work right, or who is the best organizer.

Did You Know…

..that many cultures have a day assigned to cleaning their homes during the year? In Iran, people clean their houses in preparation for the Persian New Year called Norooz, while in India people do it before the festivals of lights, Diwali.

Happy Clean Up Your Room Day!!!

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Lungs Don't Just Help Us Breathe — They Produce Blood, Too

Posted By: Best Brains May-09, 2017 Study Tips - BBGeneral Knowledge - BBSocial Awareness - Best BrainsReading SkillsEnvironment
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Lungs Don't Just Help Us Breathe — They Produce Blood, Too

Let's go back to biology class, where we learn about the physiology, behavior and other qualities of particular organisms. Do you know that our lungs help us breathe? Yes, they do; but they are doing much more to us than helping us breathe.

In a series of experiments, the researchers of the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) have found that in addition to being a crucial part of our respiratory system, lungs also play a vital role in producing and storing of blood cells. While bone marrow, found in flat bones such as the hip bone also help in producing the red and white blood cells through a process called hematopoiesis. However, a function that had hitherto has been credited solely to the bone marrow.

The findings, described by the researchers in a publication, states that they could have major implications for the patients suffering from some blood disorders like thrombocytopenia - which is caused due to a low platelet count.

Like many other medical breakthroughs, the researchers stumbled upon the findings by accident, however, these findings suggest a more sophisticated view of the lungs. While the team, led by a renowned professor of medicine and laboratory medicine at UCSF, Mark R. Looney tried to observe how platelets cells that form clots to stop bleeding circulate in the lungs to interact with the immune system in mice. To trace these cells’ path, the rodents had been genetically modified so that the platelets appear a glowing green. To the scientists' surprise, the lungs were filled with megakaryocytes — as they are responsible for producing platelets. Though the experts are aware of the existence of these cells in the lungs, they had believed the numbers to be small.

Lungs Don't Just Help Us Breathe — They Produce Blood, Too

For the purpose of their further investigation, the researchers used an imaging technique called two-photon intravital imaging, which helped them to see how individual cells within the tiny blood vessels of a living mouse lung were behaving. However, the mouse strain being studied was very keenly examined so that the platelets – blood cells that play a critical role in clotting emitted bright green fluorescence.

The investigation revealed many surprising things; not only like that the mice lungs contain enough platelets producing cells called megakaryocytes to produce over half of the animal’s total platelets, but the blood stem cells in the lung vasculature contribute the production of a wide variety of other blood cells like neutrophils, B cells, and T cells.  More to it, the further experiments showed that the megakaryocytes in the lung had originated in the bone marrow.

However the lungs and the bone marrow work together to produce blood, and that scientists are looking for to treat platelet diseases with cells produced from engineered megakaryocytes should look to the lungs as a supply for platelet production.

Lung vasculature: platelet production

To analyze such practical applications of this discovery and see if it would be really useful in the treatment of disorders like lung inflammation, the team injected the fluorescent megakaryocytes progenitor cells into mice with low platelet counts. The results shocked the team as the transplanted cells got to work right away, restoring the platelet count to normal levels within a short time; what was even shocking. What was even more encouraging to the team was, that the effect lasted for several months.

Lung interstitium: reservoir of MKs and progenitors with migration and reconstitution capacities

While scientists still need to test if human lungs are as effective and the findings are being hailed as a major breakthrough.

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