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Group of Children’s

Whether you have children or not, it's nearly impossible to see that they are our future. In just a few short years, those that are right now playing tag with their friends in the schoolyard or learning to tie their shoes and button up their shirts will be leading our nations, teaching in our schools, and tending the sick and dying. They will be in charge of making important decisions, leading their own children, and making the world a better place. So why shouldn’t we celebrate them? This day is made to honor all that they are right now and all they can be.

History of Universal Children’s Day

In 1954, the General Assembly of the United Nations first announced this day. They had two goals in mind. First, it is meant to encourage children to spend time together; learning from one another, getting to know each other, and understanding their differences, races, and religions. It is from this learning and understanding of each other that peace is built upon.

Secondly, this day is meant to bring awareness to the problems that face today’s children in governments worldwide. If we can change someone’s mind or allow them to see children who are struggling with certain issues, maybe changes can be made to better their future and the future of the world.

Since its inception, this holiday has served many honorable causes such as making sure children everywhere are given a good education and access to schools. It as also helped the commitment to stopping HIV/AIDS and other diseases that all too often affect children.

How to Celebrate This Day?

How to Celebrate Universal Children’s Day

While the United Nations has announced this day to be on November 20th every year, almost every nation celebrates this holiday on a different day. For example, in Cuba, it is held on the third Sunday of July, in South Sudan they celebrate “Children’s Day” on December 23rd, and in Poland on June 1st. Nearly every country has their own established day to celebrate the joys and gifts of children, however, the goal is same everywhere: to promote peace and concern for the future of our world through our children.

Some towns and areas may hold large festivals, while others celebrate in a much more informal and private way. Many simply spend the day with their children or the children who most influence their life.

If you have children of your own, this is a good day to spend with them, enjoying their presence, doing something they enjoy, and making memories together. It won’t be long before these young and care-free individuals will be grown and making independent choices without your help or guidance. Use this day to teach them of other cultures, environments, and different parts of the world, so they are better prepared for their future and all the wonders it may hold.

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Lemon Sharks were first seen in the shallow subtropical waters on December of 2014. It was found that these species have been in existence for thousands of years and can live up to 400 years. Lemon sharks are the most predominant species with incredible survival mechanism. They have healing power like Wolverine, and their bodies are coved tough pore-like stainless steel.

This amazing discovery about the lemon sharks' ability to heal by themselves and their defense mechanism was noticed by Joanne Fraser during her regular shark feed dive in Florida. She noticed a lemon shark with a metal-like piece struck into its body. Having experience working with maritime experts in Florida, she quickly captured the unusual sight with her digital camera.

Fraser had so many encounters with the fish after that instance. She has documented every encounter with the fish with photographs and she found that the steel thing coming out from the lemon shark's body was a fish stringer. It is a steel device like a loop used by fishermen to hold the fish during their hunt.

During her last encounter with the shark, Fraser noticed that the shark had pushed the steel loop out from its body and healed itself with only proving a scar as an evidence of the incident.

Fraser sent her documentation and her experience with a lemon shark to Dr. Steven Kessel who is the Director of Maritime Exploration at Chicago Shedd Aquarium.

Dr. Kessel quickly started investigating the incident with the photographs and videos provided by Fraser, and published a report in the journal Marine and Freshwater Exploration on July 13, 2017. In his report, he said that there is no evidence of the entrance and no evidence that the shark has been stabbed on its outer body by a fisherman. Dr. Kessel also reported that the shark may have swallowed the fish stringer while consuming its prey. But he said the most astonishing thing was the size of the stringer it had swallowed. He said that the sharks have the ability to expel the foreign objects and undigested objects from their stomach.

The lemon shark expelling the fish stringer from its body shows the life sustaining ability of the wild oceans. With the documented evidence it was noticed that the lemon shark lived the stringer for 435 days. The shark was carrying a big stomach during the documentation indicating the destruction caused by the stringer has been pushed out from its body around February of 2016.

Marine scientists are positive about the regenerating damaged tissues in sharks. They think that microorganism may be playing a role during the shark's self-healing process.

However, the final document about the lemon shark was made on December 14, 2016. Showing the fish stringer was pushed out from the body and the wounds made by the metal were properly healed.

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Oct 22, 2017, is not just a regular Sunday, but it’s a nutritious Sunday. This Sunday is observed as “National Nut Day” every year. We know that nuts have been a primary source of nutritious food from primitive man to modern man. Nuts can be consumed in various forms, they can be cooked, roasted, eaten raw or sprouted, and can be used as ingredients in the breakfast cereal. Nuts contain mostly unsaturated and mono saturated fats which are good for your health.

Nuts not only give you good health but also add nutritious values as are rich sources of protein, and they contain vitamins like B2 and E, high valued minerals like phosphorus, selenium, magnesium, copper, and potassium. Nuts are very important to everyone, especially during snowfall season. They store nuts during autumn and use them during peak winter and spring which keeps them away from starving.

While there are many studies indicated that a person who consumes nuts on a daily basis will less likely to suffer from coronary heart disease. This was first discovered in 1993 and researchers encourage people to include nuts in their daily diet. Further studies said that consumption of nuts like walnut, almonds can reduce cholesterol concentration.

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One study reported that people who consumed nuts with their regular diet lived to live two to three years longer than the people who did not consume nuts regularly. So it is advised to replace junk food with nuts so for longer life.

Eat these nuts regularly:

Almonds: There are lots of nutritious benefit in almonds, almonds can improve healthy cholesterol and reduce bad cholesterol which is dangerous to your heart. Almonds can be included in your weight loss diet program and it may lower blood pressure in people who are suffering from obesity.

Pistachios: These are high fiber nuts. Consuming two to three ounces of pistachios can decrease bad cholesterol and increase good cholesterol. Pistachios keep your heart healthy and control the blood sugar levels after a meal.

Walnuts: Omega-3 fatty acids are good for your health and walnuts are excellent sources of Omega-3 fatty acids and alpha-linolenic acid. Walnuts are good for the healthy heart, and control blood pressure and increase good cholesterol in your body.

Peanuts: Though peanuts belong to legume family they are often considered as nuts. They have a lot of nutritious values and health benefits. The study found that peanuts can reduce the death rates. They may reduce the occurrence of heart deceases, and they are very good notorious food for the people who are suffering from type 2 diabetes.

Hazelnuts:  Like all nuts, Hazelnuts are for heart and blood pressure, and improve blood vessel functionality reduces bad cholesterol, produces vitamin E in the body.

So don’t ignore to add these highly nutritious nuts in your daily diet. You can include nuts in your breakfast, and you can replace your bag of chips with nuts during your snack time.

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In a perfect world – or impeccably, a wonderfully strange world, plants and animals would speak the same language. Could you imagine this? Yet, it would certainly make being on top of the food chain sensitively challenging, it sure would be informative to know.

Most humans don’t give much credibility to the communication abilities of other kingdoms. Just because they don’t speak a language we understand, it doesn’t mean that plants are not getting messages to one another.

Plants carry some uniqueness as per their family structure and factors. You might not know of plants being particularly chatty, but in reality - they communicate remarkably well with each other. This is especially seen when faced with potential danger. However, there is a recent study about the growing body of research on how plants can communicate with each other. This study about plant science says that injured plants send some emergency signals to alert the neighbors to start helping build up their defenses.

The chain of events related to this study and discovery began about two years ago, when University of Delaware botanist, Harsh Bais, agreed to mentor sixteen-year-old Connor Sweeney on a research project. The ecstatic high school student got to work right away, after spending all his free time, including weekends and summer breaks, in the Harsh Bais lab at the Delaware Biotechnology Institute.

The project entailed culturing Arabidopsis thaliana, also known as mustard weed, that was used in experiments. Here the young researcher placed the seeds in Petri dishes and test tubes filled with agar to promote growth. You can see that the seeds would germinate about six days later and transform into delicate three-inch plantlets with bright green leaves.

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To observe the plantlets transformation, Sweeney conducted several experiments in order to test the plant communication. He sliced a mustard weed leaf in two spots mimicking an insect bite to see how it would begin the repair process. While the following day, the young researcher was surprised to discover that while the injured plant remained unchanged, the roots of the neighboring young mustard weed seedling had grown significantly longer and even had lateral offshoots. You can see it in the below image.

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The researchers were unable to believe what they saw as they have expected that the injured plant to put more resources into growing roots. But they didn’t see that according to the researcher Bais, who conducted a similar study in the year 2012. He found that soil bacteria living near the roots of a plant helped to boost its immunity by signaling the leaf pores, or stomata, to close in the company of pathogens. To safeguard that it was not the same system at work, Sweeney partitioned the plants to prevent the communication between their root bacteria and then repeated the experiment multiple times. But the results were the same all the time.

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To see what was prompting the root growth, the scientists conducted more tests and learned that the injured plants were discharging volatile organic compounds (VOCs) to notify its neighbors of the approaching danger. Trusting that the strong plant was growing its roots to absorb more nutrients to strengthen its defenses, Bais and Sweeney began observing for combinations that help trigger the increase in size. For their surprise, each time an injured plant sent out a warning, its neighboring mustard weeds began expressing more Auxin, a key plant growth hormone. However, the researchers were not sure what the volatile organic compounds comprise, or the span of time they persist in the atmosphere. The study still continues to see the exact reasons.

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elephant-appreciation-day

September 22nd was created as National Elephant Appreciation Day in the year 1996 in honor of the largest land animal in the world.  This holiday was founded by pachyderm lover, Wayne Hepburn, when his daughter gave him a paperweight of elephants on parade and he became fascinated by them. To some, it’s just another animal, but the more you know about Elephant, the more you come to appreciate these fascinating creatures.

People of all ages love elephants and are fascinated by them.  Elephants are known to be larger than life and intensely intelligent animals.  The average lifespan of an elephant is 60 to 70 years, and they develop remarkably close family bonds.  Elephants are very playful animals who love to frisk in the water.  Elephants are herbivorous animals who will eat almost any type of plant from grass to trees, and they are also very fond of lettuce, cabbage, bananas, apples and many other types of fruits and vegetables.

Interesting Facts about Elephants

  • Did you know that an elephant never forgets? That’s because the size of their hippocampus, the part of the brain where their memories are stored, is so huge.
  • When you speak about their brains, we have to remember that elephants have the largest brains of any land animal in a pure build. At birth, an elephant’s brain size can only be reached by 35% of its potential size, which means that they have a huge capacity for learning as they grow and develop.
  • Elephants are highly intelligent and social; they have their own language and this makes it easy for them to form good bonds with each other, and with other species too.
  • Elephants are one of the few animals with self-awareness; like apes, humans and dolphins. Elephants can recognize themselves in a mirror or any other type of reflection.
  • World Elephant Day is celebrated on August 12th each year and was created to bring awareness to the plight of Asian and African elephants throughout the world.
  • Their trunks have 40,000 muscles and tendons and it takes about a year for them to learn how to use it.
  • Adam Stone, the director of an elephant husbandry at the Elephant Sanctuary in Tennessee, says that “with a baby elephant, you will see that its trunk looks like a worm on the end of a peg, even when they’re nursing".

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  • Elephants weigh thousands of pounds and they can still manage to be quick and nimble. Did you know that they can move up to 35 mph, stop on a dime, and travel over high mountain ranges with no problems?
  • They follow the oldest female in their group, which is not part of the typical social order in the animal kingdom. They do this because she has the most memory, knows where the safe haven is, where they can get food and where to go in a storm.
  • In the wild, elephants can live to be in their 40's and in captivity they can live even longer.
  • Many species of elephants face the threat of extinction, due to environmental factors and the ivory profession.
  • Elephants have the longest eyelashes in the world which are about 5 inches long.

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Using a plant for either cleaning or repairing purposes is quite common these days. Scientists have created a little version of a working heart, which may assist in tissue regeneration one day.

Scientists found a new way to use spinach to build a working human heart muscle, which will potentially solve a long-standing problem in efforts to repair damaged organs. The details of the study are published in the journal Biomaterials, explaining the new way to grow a vascular system, which has been a roadblock for tissue engineering.

Scientists have already created large-scale human tissue in a lab using 3D method printing, but it was proved to be much harder to grow the small, delicate blood vessels that are vital to the tissue's health.

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As per the co-author Joshua Gershlak, the main limiting factor for tissue engineering - is the lack of a vascular network. This is proved that without that vascular network, you get a lot of tissue death.

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Above is the image of a decellularized spinach leaf; before dye is added to test its ability to filter blood through the tissue.

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In the second image, you can see the picture of a spinach leaf after it successfully revealed red dye could be pumped through its veins, simulating the blood, oxygen and nutrients that a human heart tissue needs to grow.

However, one of the crucial traits of a leaf is the branching network of thin veins that delivers water and nutrients to its cells. At present, scientists have used plant veins to redo the way blood moves through human tissue. This work involves transforming a spinach leaf in the lab to eliminate its plant cells, which leaves behind a frame made of cellulose.

Cellulose is biocompatible and has been used in a wide variety of reformative medicine applications, such as bone tissue engineering, cartilage tissue engineering, and wound healing.  The team then covered the remaining plant frame in live human cells, so that the human tissue grew on the spinach's support and surrounded the tiny veins. Once they transformed the spinach leaf into a sort of mini heart, then the team sent fluids and microbeads through its veins to illustrate how blood cells can flow through this system.

Though the ultimate goal is to replace damaged tissue in patients who have had heart attacks or who suffered from other cardiac issues that prevent their hearts from contracting. Like blood vessels, the veins in the modified leaves would supply oxygen to the entire swath of replacement tissue, which is crucial in generating new heart matter.

While the study team has confirmed the same methods could be used with different types of plants to heal a variety of tissues in the body. For instance, swapping out the cells in wood might one day help repair human bones.

Researchers say that they have a lot more work to do, but so far this is very promising, and the study co-author Glenn Gaudette, also of WPI, said in a press statement that adapting abundant plants that farmers have been cultivating for thousands of years, are helpful in the use of tissue engineering and could solve a host of problems limiting the field.

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The majestic mountains, beautiful landscapes, and the primeval beaches are the main attractions of the Ireland’s Achill Island. This Island has always been a popular European tourist destination.

However, since mid-April, the rugged 57-square mile island with nearly 2,600 residents has gained worldwide fame thanks to the ‘Magical’ return of the beach which washed away over three decades ago.

While the residents of County Mayo's Achill Island which is known as one of the largest islands off the coast of Ireland were surprised by seeing the stunning transformation that took place overnight. However, the beach was returned to its earlier glory after a freak tide dumped thousands of tons of sand along 1,000 feet of the seashore.

History

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The Dooagh Beach which was once a beautiful destination for many. Did you know that this beach was washed away completely not leaving anything after a huge winter storm hit the area in the year 1984? The damage was unforgettable until recently as it rolled away everything along with the beauty of the place and even many people lost their homes. There was, even more, damage done after two storms rolled in back one after one in 2014, abolishing access points to the beach and washed away a road to a nearby pier.

The citizens and operators of local tourism groups are in a hope that the sandy beach is here to stay.

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No one knows how it happened, but around April this year, something magical happened and an unusual ten-day tide encased the barren 300 meter which is a 984-foot stretch of rock beach with hundreds of tons of soft golden sand! While the scientists from the National University of Ireland, Galway suspect that this sand had been gathering offshore for months and was transported to the beach by the high winds and great waves.

The restored beach is attracting hordes of visitors who are wishing to witness the supremacy of nature, with their own eyes. However, the officials are still not sure if it is safe to swim, as they are not too sure about the sand.  As of now, the visitors are recommended to enjoy the soft sand and leave the swimming to the dolphins that frequent the area.

Citizens near Dooagh hope the beach’s restoration also means the return of sand eels, a popular local fragility, which was unable to continue the inhospitable rocky environment left after by the 1984 storms. Clumps of seaweed called “the wrack” have also landed the shore again, a boon for the area’s farmers who use the briny plants to fertilize their land.

Unexpectedly, this is not the first time Dooagh Beach has disappeared and restored again; it vanished in the 1890s, for over 30 years, before returning in 1927. Yet, the locals are optimistic that this time around, the beautiful sand is here to stay!!

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Henderson Island in the south Pacific Ocean is a part of the UK's Pitcairn Islands territory and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1988. This Island has always been known for its remarkable biological diversity and untouched ecology.

This gem in the middle of the Pacific Ocean is one of the world's best remaining examples of an elevated coral atoll ecosystem," says the United Nations agency's description of the island. Now, this remote UNESCO World Heritage site lies 3,100 miles from the closest human settlement, it is also known as one of the most polluted places on Earth.

A famous researcher Jennifer Lavers, who has been studying the coral atoll for a few years from the University of Tasmania’s Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, says that the tiny, 14.4 square miles of the island is a home to over 38 million pieces of waste. As per many scientists, this is the highest mass of anthropogenic waste recorded anywhere in the world, with 99.8 percent of the pollution plastic.

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However, the amount of trash is surprising everyone that the island, which is the largest among the group of four Pitcairn volcanic islands, has no residents and is visited by scientists only once or twice every decade. However, as it turns away, humans do not need to be actually present to infect an area. While in this case the trash is brought in by the South Pacific Gyre, an ocean current that sends the garbage bobbing through the sea to Henderson. However, the main offenders are fishing-related debris, like outline and nets, and single use household items.

What’s worse is that the ugly rubbish scatters across this island’s sandy beaches and it is just the tip of the iceberg. According to the researchers and scientists, over 68% of the junk is buried under the sand, this means the rough estimation is based on the trash found up to 5inches under the sand, this may underestimate the full extent of the pollution.

The research has shown that more than 200 species are known to be at risk from eating the waste plastic, and 55% of the world's seabirds, including two rare species found on Henderson Island, are at risk from marine debris. Still, the dramatic impacts seen on Henderson Island are truly unimportant when taken in the global scope.

Unfortunately, Henderson’s debris collection equals to just 1.98 seconds of the world’s annual production of plastic, while this is a mere blip in a number of the non-degradable materials that is carelessly thrown out every day. According to experts, over eight million tons of plastic waste ends up in our landfills and oceans every year.

We as individuals should take care of our own planet. So everyone should participate in "Save the Environment" surveys if we find one near us. Start small initiatives if you can, in your local area and try to keep your city clean.

Did you know that Boyan Slat, who founded The Ocean Cleanup in 2011; after discovering 'more bags than fish' while diving in Greece, tried to clean up the mess. However, his efforts will make a difference; if we all pitch in by avoiding plastic altogether or reusing it and recycling when that is not possible.

Unless we find some ways to reverse such situations, this will ever increase the pollution poses a serious risk to the health of our planet and all of its residents, including humans. So let us start playing our part.

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Though plastic bags are incredibly cheap and useful for all of us, their disposal causes extensive pollution. This is because of the non-bio degradable polyethylene that takes centuries to decompose and is also harmful to wildlife who often mistake the colorful debris for food. Now, we may have an unlikely supporter to help clean up our trash - but, a small wax worm breed that is primarily used as premium fish bait.

Did you know that.....

Each year, the world produces around 300 million tons of plastic, much of which resists humiliation and ends up polluting every corner of the globe. However, the team of experts from European scientists has found a unique solution towards this plastic problem. They discovered that a common insect can chew extensive holes in a plastic shopping bag within 40 minutes.

While this study is another milestone discovery for the researchers on biodegradation of plastics. The discovery was led by Federica Bertocchini, a developmental biologist at the University of Cantabria in Spain; and she was the first person who noticed the possibility as she cleaned out her backyard bee hives two years ago.

While doing the task, Federica removed some wax worms, called Galleria Mellonella, living in the hive and placed them in an old plastic bag to see what they could do. To her surprise; when she checked the bag an hour later, she discovered small holes in the part of the bag with the larvae. Though Bertocchini wasn’t an entomologist, she guessed right away what was happening.

The larvae form of a small moth, wax worms get their names because they live on the wax in bee hives. Like plastic, the wax is a polymer, which consists of a long cord of carbon atoms held collectively, with other atoms branching off the sides of the sequence. But, both wax and the polyethylene in Bertocchini’s plastic bag had a related carbon backbone.

Solving The Unknown

Bertocchini has teamed-up with his fellow scientists Christopher Howe and Paolo Bombelli to figure out how these wax worms were pigging out on plastic. First, they have placed some worms on polyethylene plastic and found that each worm created an average of 2.2 holes per hour, and by overnight about 100 wax worms degraded 92 milligrams of a plastic shopping bag. If you see, by this rate 100 worms nearly in a month can completely break down an average, 5.5 grams of a plastic bag.

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To rule out this munching action from their jaws as the source of degradation, the team applied a soupy blend of recently dead worms to the plastic and waited. Sure enough, they found the liquid larvae could also eat holes into the plastic. This told Bertocchini and colleagues that an enzyme in the worms or the bacteria living in and on their bodies can also dissolve the plastic.

That enzyme transformed polyethylene into ethylene glycol, which is a chemical commonly used in antifreeze. Bertocchini hopes to identify the exact enzymes that break down polyethylene in their future work.

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