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Math learning toy numbers counting

It’s common to hear preschoolers reciting alphabet letters and even numbers. Many can even recite or “count” to 10 on their own. But is this really counting? Does it actually teach them anything about math? Recent research shows that this ability is simply memorization and doesn’t teach them to count or learn differences in amount any more than reciting the alphabet teaches phonic sounds. So, what should you teach them?

Give Real Examples

To actually learn any real math skills at a young age, a child needs to experience actual number sense. This means that instead of showing them the number, having them trace it and repeat its sound, they are given one object, like a toy car. Then give them another one and so on, counting as you add or subtract. When they begin to learn in real life situations like this, they begin equating a specific situation or setting to a specific number.


By age two, toddlers have the ability to sort or organize and even subitize. This helps to teach them comparisons and form the ideas of patterns and relationships. You will see them separate toy animals by kind, color, or size. By teaching your child to count and recognize the number of objects in those small groups and how they relate to one another, you are building their scientific inquiry skills.


Measurement Concept

This is continued even more when we draw on a child’s attraction with size. As we work with them to form relationships of bigger and smaller, we can begin to introduce the concepts of measurement, such as miles, inches, and/or pounds. This is one of the best and simplest ways to teach your child about math, as we use size constantly in every day life. And this helps to create a more compounded sense of logic and reasoning in children.

Speak of Space

Also important to early math skills is the language of space. Words like behind, over, under, in, circle, deep, next, front, triangle etc., not only allow children to understand the world around them better but also teach them spatial representation, giving them a foundation of math vocabulary terms. Make sure to point out spatial relationships when reading books, walking through the park, or even eating dinner.

Picture Patterns

Patterns are largely impactful on a young child’s mathematic abilities as well. Things like dance, visual art and movement patterns such as stop, drop, and roll help children to learn about making predictions, guessing and understanding what may come next and using reasoning skills, which is the basis of multiplication.


The most important factor for any child learning math, or any subject for that matter, is a can-do attitude. If a child is to learn and master any skill, they need to be encouraged that they have what it takes to succeed. This attitude of self-efficacy that is learned as a child will most often carry them through their entire life, no matter what situation or subject they are dealing with. Be a constant support and place of encouragement to help them along.

Give your child the skills to succeed, give them encouragement and you will constantly be surprised at the accomplishments they can make. Sometimes, it all begins with just a few math lessons taught at a young age.

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Rubik's Cube Gift

Photo Credit : NeONBRAND via Unsplash

One of the best parts of the holiday season is the joy of giving gifts to friends and loved ones. For kids, this often means lots of new toys. But there are other gifts that kids can enjoy and that can also teach valuable skills. By gifting thoughtfully this holiday season, you can offer the children on your gift list valuable lessons along with hours of fun. Here are some ideas.

Puzzle books

Much like building blocks, puzzle books provide lots of options for fun and games in a small inexpensive package. You can find collections of puzzles that range from Sudoku to mazes to brain teasers of all kinds. And they come in different levels for kids and adults of all ages. You can give simple connect-the-dots books to very young children, or more challenging puzzles and logic problems to older children. The beauty of these books is that one book can contain dozens of different puzzles to occupy a curious mind.

3-D Puzzles

Everyone loves a good jigsaw puzzle. But if you want to provide a more interesting challenge, 3-D puzzles are a great chance to practice spatial reasoning skills in a fun and exciting way. The classic example of a 3-D puzzle is the Rubic’s Cube. Though most of us will never quite master this old-school puzzle, there are lots of new spins on the concept that offer varying levels of difficulty. You can buy 3-D puzzles with just a few pieces, or more complex ones that have to be completely disassembled and put back together. Either way, these new-age puzzles are a stimulating and challenging upgrade on the beloved classic.

Music lessons

This one is a little less conventional, but very versatile. Is there an instrument your child would like to learn to play? If you have a son who wants to play guitar, or a daughter who’d like to play drums, music lessons are an excellent investment. Learning to play an instrument has all sorts of benefits for brain development and reasoning skills. And learning a new skill can open up all sorts of future opportunities. If someday your son or daughter wants to join the school band or even start of band of their own, they’ll be well on their way to mastering the skills they need.

Book series

A great way to encourage reading is to introduce your children to a book series that they can get invested in and follow for a long time. Whether it’s young adult drama, science fiction, fantasy, or mystery, a good series holds a reader’s attention for years at a time. This ensures that your young reader will always have something they’re looking forward to reading. Then, as they wait for the next installment of their favorite series, you can introduce them to similar options to keep them occupied. This is how finding a good series can pay off with a love of reading that lasts for years.

Of course, there are lots of other educational gifts that you can give the children in your life. If you know a child who’s interested in science, microscopes and telescopes make great gifts. Perhaps you know a young person who loves to dance and would appreciate dance lessons. The possibilities are endless. The trick is to think beyond the usual list of toys and gadgets to give something that will genuinely enhance the lives of a child in the months and years to come.

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Mother hepls her child in homework

Time management can be stressful for any adult, especially if you have children. Think about it. How often do you have to ask your child what is taking them so long or tell them to hurry up? If you are anything like most of us, its pretty often. However, you can help gain some of your sanity back by teaching them some basic time management skills.

Measuring VS Telling Time

This is teaching them to tell time, this showing them how to measure it. Even if they already know how to tell time, most kids struggle with measuring how much time certain tasks take. This why there is such exaggeration among youngsters when it comes to this topic. Set a timer during a math project or task they are working on. Or keep an eye on the clock and give them a countdown as they work. This helps them to get a better feel of what one hour or even one minute actually feels like. As they get better adjusted, you will be able to say things like “We are leaving in 15 minutes,” and they will understand that they don’t have time to watch TV, get a snack, and take a shower first.

Make A Calendar

This is a great way to teach children about what it takes to schedule your week and your day. While this can be family fun, art activity, it also teaches each child about what other members of the family have going on. It also gives them an idea of how they need to prioritize their time to make sure everything and everyone can work together. In addition to a calendar for the whole family, having one for each specific child or member of the family is a great idea. This allows a child to be even more creative with their schedule. Work with them to list daily activities, chores, and homework and prioritize them accordingly.

Don’t Be Too Busy

A common mistake for many households is that they feel the need to be involved in everything at once. This leads to double booking, miscommunication, and a constantly revolving door. Children quickly get worn out and frustrated if all they do is go, go, go. While this does teach them to watch the clock, it doesn’t give them the opportunity to learn time management skills the right way. Instead, make sure to not overbook your kids’ schedules. One of the best learning tools for children is free time and free play. So, make sure to schedule down time into your week and day. This enables the child to focus on more than just the ticking clock.

It Has To Be Fun

Time management for a child is not just about a clock and learning to tell time. Its learning to prioritize activities, free time, homework and much more. The best way to get them to understand it is to make it fun for them to do. Use kid friendly tools like colorful magnetic calendars, a bright and cheerful to do list that they can color and design themselves, or apps that are geared for children for those that love technology. Use stickers, make tasks a game, try to beat the clock. The more fun they have completing tasks, the more likely they are to learn the importance of time management and be able to utilize it.

For more tips and tricks click here.

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Train Your Brain Day

This day each year gives us an incredible opportunity. October 13th is Train Your Brain Day. However, every day is full of choices to be made, whether big or small. Those tiny routine actions made such as opening your eyes upon waking up in the morning to life changing decisions like getting married or running for President all start with functions of your brain. You couldn’t do anything without the use of it. And with its power, you can do anything.

This Day’s History

This day was created to draw attention to the fact that your brain is powerful tool, one that has earth-changing potential. It was also established to motivate us to use that tool for the world’s benefit.

With your brain you can not only invent new ideas and innovations, solve world problems, and design some of the most amazing structures on the planet but you can also change the way you feel, the way you think, and the way you live your everyday life.

We also have an opportunity whether we realize it or not to train our brains continuously. We tell it how to react to certain situations, how to read feelings in ourselves and others, and we even tell it what it has the power to do, sometimes putting it in a box.

This day is made for realizing that there is no box too large for the mind. Its potential and capabilities are endless, you alone limit those. You, with your brain, have to power to feel certain ways, think in certain mindsets, and react to others and the world around you. How you do that is completely up to you. It’s a simple choice you can make. If you want to have the best day or life possible, you alone can choose to make decisions and react positively.

How it is Celebrated

Train Your Brain Day is celebrated by making choices to better yourself and your future. That could mean doing some cognitive exercises like crosswords, math problems, or puzzles of various kinds. It could be teaching yourself something new such a new language or enrolling in an art class. Or it could be as unpretentious as waking up with the mindset of succeeding and choosing to not get upset if things don’t go as planned or how you had hoped.

Train your brain to be a positive and empowering tool. Every moment offers you the opportunity to make a positive reaction or a negative one. Let’s choose to make the world better by training our brains to be the best they can be both in simple everyday actions and those earth-moving ones that defy all odds.

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St. Patrick's Day

Saint Patrick's Day or the Feast of Saint Patrick is the Day of the Festival of Patrick. This is a cultural and spiritual day held on the17th of March, and this day is also the death day of Saint Patrick (c. AD 385 –461), who was the foremost patron saint of Ireland.

Saint Patrick's Day is an official Christian feast day celebrated since early 17th century. This day is observed by the Catholic Church and the Anglican Communities — especially the Church of Ireland, the Eastern Orthodox Churchand the Lutheran Church. The day commemorates Saint Patrick and the arrival of Christianity in Ireland. This day celebrates heritage and the culture of the Irish,whichare seen in general on this day along with public parades and festivals, cèilidhs, and wearing of green attire or shamrocks is involved in the celebrations.

Saint Patrick's Day is a public holiday in the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador- for provincial government officials, and the British Overseas Territory of Montserrat. It is also commonly celebrated by the Irish Diaspora around the world, especially in Great Britain, the United States, Canada, Argentina, New Zealand and Australia. While the modern celebrations have been very much influenced by those of the Irish Diaspora, mostly those that developed in North America.

St. Patrick's Day


Saint Patrick was a 5th century Romano- British Christian missionary and bishop in Ireland. He is one of the patron saints of Ireland; much of what is known about him comes from the declaration, which was allegedly written by Patrick himself. Patrick was born in Roman Britain in the 4th Century, into a wealthy Romano-British family. His father was a deacon and his grandfather was a priest in a Christian church. As per the declaration, Patrick was captured by Irish raiders and taken to Gaelic Ireland as a slave when he was at the age of sixteen. It says that he spent 6 years there working as a shepherd and during this time he "found God". While the Declaration says that God told Patrick to flee to the coast, where a ship would be waiting for him to take him home. After returning to his family, Patrick entered the church like his father and grandfather to become a priest. Patrick later returned to Ireland as a missionary and worked in the north and west of the country. He is said to have died on March 17th in or around the year 493.

According to a popular legend, St Patrick rid Ireland of snakes. However, it is a thinking that there have been no snakes in Ireland since the final ice age. The "snakes" that St Patrick banished from Ireland, may possibly refer to the pagan or druids worshipers of a snake or serpent gods. He is said to be obscured down under Cathedral in Downpatrick, Ireland.

What Do People Do & Eat

St Patrick’s Day is celebrated in many parts of the world.  Especially in the Irish communities and organizations. People wear an item of green clothing on this day. You can eat Irish food and drinks that are dyed in green food color. It is a great time for children to indulge in sweets. Many restaurants and pubs serve Irish food and drinks, here are some that include:

  • Corned beef and cabbage
  • Irish brown bread
  • Beef and Guinness pie
  • Irish coffee
  • Irish cream chocolate mousse cake
  • Irish potato champ, also known as poundies, cally or pandy
  • Irish stew or Irish potato soup

St. Patrick's Day

The most famous St. Patrick's Day symbol is the shamrock. A shamrock is the leaf of the clover plant and a symbol of the Holy Trinity. You can see many people wearing the color green and the flag of the Republic of Ireland on the St Patrick’s Day parades around the world.

Sacred symbols include snakes and serpents, as well as the Celtic cross. As per a famous saying,Saint Patrick added the Sun, a powerful Irish symbol, onto the Christian cross to create what is at the present called a Celtic cross.

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National Pi Day

Pi is the Greek letter“π”. Its isthe symbol used in mathematics which represents a constant and it is also the first letter of the Greek word, περ?μετρος, meaning perimeter. Pi Day is an annual celebration day celebrated in favor of the mathematical constant π (pi), this day is observed on March 14 (3/14 in the month/day date format) while 3, 1, and 4 are the initial three significant digits of π — the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter — which is more or less 3.14159. It was founded by the great Physicist Larry Shaw in 1988. In the year 2009, the United States House of Representatives supported the title of Pi Day.

While the Pi Approximation Day is observed on July 22 in the date and day/month format was - 22/7, as the fraction ?22⁄7 is a frequent approximation of π, which is precise to two decimal places and dates from Archimedes.

Pi has been calculated to over one trillion digits beyond its decimal point. As a transcendental and irrational number, it will go on infinitely with no replication or different patterns. While only a handful of digits are required for typical calculations, Pi’s infinite character makes it a fun challenge to learn by rote and to computationally calculate even more digits.

In recent years, mathematicians have called for replacing pi by tau (τ) as a method to explain the association between a circle’s perimeter and its radius. In order to increase the word about the recompense of tau over pi, mathematicians around the world recognized this day and celebrate Tau Day on June 28.


The Massachusetts Institute of Technology has frequently sent its request letters to potential students for delivery on Pi Day. Starting from 2012, MIT has announced that it will post those decisions (in private) online on Pi Day by 6.28 pm; which they have called "Tau Time", this was to honor the rival numbers pi and tau evenly. But whereas in 2015, the standard decisions were put online at 9:26 AM, following the year's "pi moment".

The town of Princeton, New Jersey, hosts many events to celebrate both Pi Day and Albert Einstein's birthday, which also falls on March 14. Einstein lived in Princeton for more than 20 years while working at the Institute for Advanced Studies. In addition to pie eating and performance contests, there will be annual Einstein look-alike contests held in the city.

While on March 14th, 2016 the Monterey County Skeptics held a pi day challenge; the goal is to just get the people off from their computers and meet each other in real life. They also challenged skeptic groups across the world to do the same. Several groups from across the world follow this event through their Facebook page. The Monterey County Skeptics is in hopes to make this an annual event and is once again putting out the challenge to all the other pessimist groups on Facebook to program a social network and event groups on March 14th, 2017 to celebrate Pi Day.

National Pi Day

How to Celebrate?

  • Pi is a homophone of pie - both the words are marked similarly but are spelled in a different way and mean different things.
  • Celebrate Pi Day by having your favorite pie.
  • Find out and participate in the pie baking contest, and bake different pi shaped pies.
  • Arrange a pi performance contest, tell the people who can recite the most digits of the constant gets to take a pie home.
  • Wear a t-shirt which has the numbers of pi on it, you can also wear accessories, earrings; etc.
  • Gather with your peers and eat foods which start with a pi, like pizza, pineapples or foods that are circular shaped like cookies, pancakes, and brownies.
  • Watch the Darren Aronofsky 1998 movie, Pi.

Other famous Mathematical Dates

The Gregorian Calendar is full of dates that were written in a extraordinary manner and these dates represent a mathematical or scientific concept. While some of the days and dates include: Yellow Pig Day, Fibonacci Day, Mole Day, Square Root Day, Sequential time, Palindrome Day and e-Day.

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Stanford created "Robotic Mermaid" to help with Deep Sea Exploration Missions.

Remotely Operated Vehicles and Artificial intelligent walk side by side these days. Remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) are used to conduct undersea tasks, which are considered unsafe for humans, for many years. While, these machines are very useful to tackle projects like oil rigging repairs, vehicles that lack the refinement and agility required to handle delicate missions like monitoring the coral reefs.  The traditional boxy shape also created difficulties for the robots to penetrate the tiny areas without damaging the surrounding flora. Now it’s time for the Stanford universities to grab the appreciations for the latest creature which is the high-end version mermaid robot, named as OceanOne.

The idea behind creating this humanoid robot was conceptualized three years ago by the King Abdullah University of science and Technology (KAUST) researchers in Saudi Arabia. They believe that such robots would help monitor coral reefs and under ocean activities in the Red Sea. To elaborate and bring the vision to life the Associate professor Khaled Salama turned to his colleagues at California’s Stanford University for further help.

Professor Oussama Khatib, and the Director of Stanford’s Robotics Lab along with his team of graduate and undergraduate students were fascinated by the idea of creating an underwater robot and instantly agreed. While it took a few years to get the first prototype of OceanOne, and it was released in April 2016, is everything Salama and his team had hoped for, and more.

OceanOne was about five feet from head to tail, and it has stereoscopic eyes, which helps to allow the pilot to view deep down views into the ocean without entering the ocean. It has the fins which provide ample storage space to fit computers, batteries, and even 8 multi-directional thrusters to help and keep the robot stable in confused waters.

Unlike other traditional ROV’s; the OceanOne’s electronics are waterproofed with oil rather than covering the inside parts with a rigid case. The OceanOne is designed simply to prevent the electronics from buckling under the water pressure and enable the robot mermaid to reach depths of up to 2,000 meters without collapsing.

Smart algorithms enable the humanoid robot to avoid collisions under the water and help from the pilot, even it can use its hands to swim when it is stuck in a tight spot; when it cannot avoid a crash then the robot can alleviate the impact by stretching out its arm. Since it can also communicate with human pilots through hand-gestures, it can also be a useful diving companion when needed.

However, when the waters are very uneven, the robot can turn on the thrusters which are stored in its fin to stabilize itself. Sensors are affixed to the robot’s arms and wrists which will help enable the pilot to touch the undersea objects and determine them clearly on the weight and texture. It was very crucial to decide on the amount of force that is required to lift the object without damaging it. There were additional sensors fixed around the robotic mermaid’s body to keep track on the currents and ocean’s turbulence.

Although, the OceanOne is originally created to monitor the coral reefs, but the first mission was a tad more exciting. In April, the robotic mermaid was first sent to investigate the wreckage of King Louis XIV’s flagship, La Lune, which sank off the coast of France in 1664; but the robotic mermaid did not dissatisfy. Later with the help of Professor Khatib guidance, OceanOne made its way 100-meters beneath the surface of the Mediterranean, and it carefully picked up a preserved grapefruit-sized vase and placed it in the recovery basket.

The OceanOne, however, stood up to all the expectations and high-fived all the archaeologists and engineers who had accompanied it on this significant journey. With the achievement of the first under sea’s mission, it will be all exciting to see what coming in the future.


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