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Lemon Sharks were first seen in the shallow subtropical waters on December of 2014. It was found that these species have been in existence for thousands of years and can live up to 400 years. Lemon sharks are the most predominant species with incredible survival mechanism. They have healing power like Wolverine, and their bodies are coved tough pore-like stainless steel.

This amazing discovery about the lemon sharks' ability to heal by themselves and their defense mechanism was noticed by Joanne Fraser during her regular shark feed dive in Florida. She noticed a lemon shark with a metal-like piece struck into its body. Having experience working with maritime experts in Florida, she quickly captured the unusual sight with her digital camera.

Fraser had so many encounters with the fish after that instance. She has documented every encounter with the fish with photographs and she found that the steel thing coming out from the lemon shark's body was a fish stringer. It is a steel device like a loop used by fishermen to hold the fish during their hunt.

During her last encounter with the shark, Fraser noticed that the shark had pushed the steel loop out from its body and healed itself with only proving a scar as an evidence of the incident.

Fraser sent her documentation and her experience with a lemon shark to Dr. Steven Kessel who is the Director of Maritime Exploration at Chicago Shedd Aquarium.

Dr. Kessel quickly started investigating the incident with the photographs and videos provided by Fraser, and published a report in the journal Marine and Freshwater Exploration on July 13, 2017. In his report, he said that there is no evidence of the entrance and no evidence that the shark has been stabbed on its outer body by a fisherman. Dr. Kessel also reported that the shark may have swallowed the fish stringer while consuming its prey. But he said the most astonishing thing was the size of the stringer it had swallowed. He said that the sharks have the ability to expel the foreign objects and undigested objects from their stomach.

The lemon shark expelling the fish stringer from its body shows the life sustaining ability of the wild oceans. With the documented evidence it was noticed that the lemon shark lived the stringer for 435 days. The shark was carrying a big stomach during the documentation indicating the destruction caused by the stringer has been pushed out from its body around February of 2016.

Marine scientists are positive about the regenerating damaged tissues in sharks. They think that microorganism may be playing a role during the shark's self-healing process.

However, the final document about the lemon shark was made on December 14, 2016. Showing the fish stringer was pushed out from the body and the wounds made by the metal were properly healed.

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Each year in the month of November, the National Diabetes Month is celebrated and the communities across the country observe this day to bring awareness to Diabetes and its impact on millions of people. The government and the media are more concerned to increase the awareness among the people and are focused on the need to slow the “widespread” growth of Diabetes and pre-Diabetes in the United States.

However, the efforts to end Diabetes was first started by the American Diabetes Association’s Stop Diabetes campaign. This campaign helps people to take an online risk test to measure their personal risk of developing pre-Diabetes or Type 2 Diabetes. Then they refer them to a specialist who can recheck their test results, suggest a high risk, and how to come out of it.

Living with Diabetes can be challenging to everyone as managing it is a big task. While this is an essential month for the people to know more about it, you have teams who can help you to get proper knowledge on how you can plan your diet and get rid of it.

But what if you already have Diabetes or someone in your family has it? Is there anything in National Diabetes Month for you? Yes, of course, there is! For people who already have Diabetes, it’s a good time as any to take a look at your Diabetes management and ask yourself how things are going and how you need to work on them.

Commit yourself to new healthy habits for one month. Here are some tips for you which may help you to have good health:

Lifestyle habits — are not just eating and exercising. But you have to know the best way to manage your general health and your Diabetes management. While these habits may affect your blood glucose levels directly, and others may have a more indirect effect, allowing or preventing you from carrying out your daily practices.

More sleep — Not getting enough sleep can increase insulin resistance, meaning your body needs more insulin to get glucose into your cells. This can lead to higher blood glucose levels and is supposed to have other negative health effects. Whereas, the inadequate sleep also tends to leave you feeling fatigued during the day, and believe it makes harder for you to exercise, eat right, think good, remember, and cope with stress.

Drink more water — Dehydration can make you feel tired and because thirst is often mistaken for hunger, it can also make you eat more. Drinking more water can make you feel soothed and help your body function in the better way. But, remember if you’re not dehydrated, drinking more water in place of caloric or alcoholic beverages will probably be good for your health. While the calories consumed in liquids don’t incline to satisfy hunger the way calories in food do, so make a habit to intake more liquids, and quench your thirst with water, then eat food if you’re hungry.

Try to inspect your feet every day. Yes, you may not probably find nothing of great attention on your feet in a month of daily checking, but it’s never too early to familiarize yourself with what your feet normally look like. In this way, if you find any changes then this will help you to know more why you see changes in your body and see a specialist.

Try a new fruit or vegetable — Fruits and vegetables offer many nutrition benefits, which include fiber, potassium, and other vitamins and minerals that are essential for everyone. While the amounts of various nutrients vary from different fruits and vegetables with more darker-colored, they produce more nutrients. Consuming such variety of fruits and veggies is an excellent way to gain a full range of benefits.

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How to celebrate this day

Find a Diabetes-related event or activity that takes place in your area. As you will find many organizations sponsor events such as health fairs, walkathons, support groups, bike rides, and other activities that are aimed at raising public awareness of Diabetes, or offering education and support to people living with Diabetes. Not all of them take place during November, but most will have information available on when and how to sign up for upcoming events.

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World Pasta Day is celebrated every year on October 25. This day is specially created for the people who love to eat carbs daily. Every age of people loves to have pasta, yeah… but selecting their favorite sauce is up to them.

Pasta is a very versatile food and it comes in many shapes and sizes. It can be served cold or hot, as the main dish, side dish or accompanied with a salad.  Pasta is also a universal food that is served worldwide.

Let it be warm steaming spaghetti in a rich red sauce, black olives, and mushrooms, or a rich Chicken Fettuccine in a creamy garlic white sauce that will just blow your mind to go and grab it. Did you know that there are over 600 shapes of pasta and their names are descriptive of their shapes? Yes, that’s true every shape has a name and makes a lot of difference in look and taste. Spaghetti -‘cord’, vermicelli-like little worms, rotini - spirals, fusili like of spindles, tortellini -little cakes, linguini as in - little tongues, conchiglie shaped as shells, fettucine turned to be small ribbons, penne - quills and capellini as fine hairs. These are the savory little goodies which are essential to any pantry.

However, the Italian food made it famous, and it was only a gateway drug of pasta. While the Chinese Chow Mein and German Spaetzle are just a couple of other ways the world has taken pasta and fallen in love with this delicious dish.

History

The World Pasta Day came into existence as part of the World Pasta Congress on the 25th of October in the year 1995. Experts from all over the world came together to discuss the glories of the noodle, with specific emphasis on the importance of spreading knowledge of the world’s prospect of pasta. While this organization uses World Pasta Day to promote the eating of pasta, along with its cultural and cookery significance.

Everything from making the consumers try the new pasta and providing important information to institutions and people has increasingly raised its popularity and made it one of the popular foods in today’s global cuisine. Every country is encouraged to celebrate the day in their own way, and sharing the logo of the official organization.

How to celebrate the day

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One of the best ways to celebrate this day is to prepare your favorite dish with your favorite topping and sauce and enjoy it with your family or peers. The delicious flavors and textures that come along with this noodle favorite will definitely make your day yummy. Or you all can go out, and host a World Pasta day party, where everyone comes together to share their favorite dish. You can also collect the best recipes from the net and try to prepare it on your own and surprise your family. But, just don’t forget to make it rich, creamy, and overloaded with some great toppings.

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Oct 22, 2017, is not just a regular Sunday, but it’s a nutritious Sunday. This Sunday is observed as “National Nut Day” every year. We know that nuts have been a primary source of nutritious food from primitive man to modern man. Nuts can be consumed in various forms, they can be cooked, roasted, eaten raw or sprouted, and can be used as ingredients in the breakfast cereal. Nuts contain mostly unsaturated and mono saturated fats which are good for your health.

Nuts not only give you good health but also add nutritious values as are rich sources of protein, and they contain vitamins like B2 and E, high valued minerals like phosphorus, selenium, magnesium, copper, and potassium. Nuts are very important to everyone, especially during snowfall season. They store nuts during autumn and use them during peak winter and spring which keeps them away from starving.

While there are many studies indicated that a person who consumes nuts on a daily basis will less likely to suffer from coronary heart disease. This was first discovered in 1993 and researchers encourage people to include nuts in their daily diet. Further studies said that consumption of nuts like walnut, almonds can reduce cholesterol concentration.

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One study reported that people who consumed nuts with their regular diet lived to live two to three years longer than the people who did not consume nuts regularly. So it is advised to replace junk food with nuts so for longer life.

Eat these nuts regularly:

Almonds: There are lots of nutritious benefit in almonds, almonds can improve healthy cholesterol and reduce bad cholesterol which is dangerous to your heart. Almonds can be included in your weight loss diet program and it may lower blood pressure in people who are suffering from obesity.

Pistachios: These are high fiber nuts. Consuming two to three ounces of pistachios can decrease bad cholesterol and increase good cholesterol. Pistachios keep your heart healthy and control the blood sugar levels after a meal.

Walnuts: Omega-3 fatty acids are good for your health and walnuts are excellent sources of Omega-3 fatty acids and alpha-linolenic acid. Walnuts are good for the healthy heart, and control blood pressure and increase good cholesterol in your body.

Peanuts: Though peanuts belong to legume family they are often considered as nuts. They have a lot of nutritious values and health benefits. The study found that peanuts can reduce the death rates. They may reduce the occurrence of heart deceases, and they are very good notorious food for the people who are suffering from type 2 diabetes.

Hazelnuts:  Like all nuts, Hazelnuts are for heart and blood pressure, and improve blood vessel functionality reduces bad cholesterol, produces vitamin E in the body.

So don’t ignore to add these highly nutritious nuts in your daily diet. You can include nuts in your breakfast, and you can replace your bag of chips with nuts during your snack time.

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Every October in the United States is known as American Pharmacists Month and the American Pharmacists Association - APhA celebrates the activities of pharmacists and educates the public, patients, policymakers and other health professionals about pharmacists and their expanding role in patient care as vital members of the healthcare team.

The month-long observance identifies the impact that pharmacists have on refining the medication use and advancing patient care throughout all practice settings. It is a way to inspire and stir up the pharmacy profession, and also exciting for the community to - Know Your Pharmacist and Know Your Medicine, the theme for American Pharmacists Month. The APhA message is based on unique essential fact seen in pharmacies, clinics, and other healthcare sites every day; however, the more that patients interact with their pharmacist it will help them to know more about their medications.

During the American Pharmacists Month, the APhA makes a special effort to promote awareness about the broad array, its services, and how pharmacists offer - beyond the safe distribution of medication - such as education, prevention and general wellness. While few examples are as follows: seasonal and lifespan immunizations; medication reviews to measure safety, efficiency and effectiveness, interactions and adherence; care management through proper counseling for disease states such as diabetes, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure; and smoking cessation counseling, etc.

American Pharmacists Month

The main goal of APhA is to highlight the importance of this special month and to support the people and profession’s engagement. The APhA dedicates part of its website to American Pharmacists Month, so that everyone can have a look and they are able to know about the tips on outreach and messaging to spread the word. This helps to spread a variety of ideas which not only inspire the activities and events, but also improves the promotional items featuring the theme and logo. In addition to pharmacists, APhA encourages student pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, and chapters of the APhA Academy of Student Pharmacists - APhA-ASP to use any of this information while celebrating on campus and in the community.

In 2016, the American Pharmacists Month was celebrated with great events and number of activities by APhA, some include a Capitol Hill Health Fair held on September 22nd; where the general public, members of Congress and staff, got their flu shots and health screenings, including bone density, cholesterol, glucose, blood pressure, and body composition; and media and social media campaigns.

If you want to take place in such events and participate in any fun activities then visit your nearest pharmacy which conducts health-related community events.

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The recent research suggests that the attacks of forgetfulness could cause a safety mechanism in the brain designed to make sure we're not loaded with information. In other words, the specialists say that it's a healthy part of the brain's operation. In their words, they say that it might come as a relief if we are always forgetting where we left our belongings like house keys and some other stuff, but this could also possibly teach us more about how our brain operates.

According to two well-known researchers from the University of Toronto in Canada, the memory isn't envisioned to help communicate the most accurate information, but it would be rather the most useful information that can help us make smart decisions in the future. However, it is always very important that the brain forgets immaterial details and instead focuses on the stuff that's going to help us to make decisions in the real world.

While some researchers took this in a different approach and to the idea of memory and looked at the neurobiology of remembering, or perseverance, while others looked at the neurobiology of forgetting, or transience.

However, researchers found evidence of the thoughtful weakening of the synaptic connections between neurons that help to encrypt memories, as well as the signs in which the new neurons overwriting existing memories exit, to make them harder to access. So why is the brain spending time trying to make us forget?

Primarily, forgetting helps us adjust to new circumstances by letting go of our old memories we don't need. So, in this way if your favorite coffee shop has moved to the other side of the town, and you find a new one closer to you, your brain will let you forget the old location and thus, help you remember the new one.

In another way, forgetting allows us to generalize our past events and help us to make decisions about new ones. There is a concept known in artificial intelligence as regularization. Which means when you just tend to remember the main gist of your previous visits to that coffee shop; rather than every little detail, it will then be less work for your brain to figure out how to behave the next time you go in there.

Now – when you try to navigate the world your brain will constantly bring up the multiple conflicting memories, such things make it harder for you to make knowledgeable decisions.

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In this way, the researchers also think the amount of forgetting we do could be contingent on the environment, and with a faster pace of change would definitely require a faster pace of forgetting too.

In one of the recent experiments, it was proved that forgetting information we need to remember too often is a frustrating practice and this can be a sign of more serious problems. But new research suggests that at a certain level of forgetfulness is actually a built-in mechanism which is designed to make us smarter.

The point of memory is to make you a smart person; who can make wise decisions given the circumstances, and the important aspect in helping you do that is being able to forget some information which is not important to remember.

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National Fossil Day is created to bring scientific and educational awareness to people and is celebrated on the second Wednesday of October.

National Fossil Day is celebrated nationwide and was first held on October 13th, 2010, during Earth Science Week. Within this week National Park Service and over 270 partners, including scientific institutions, organizations, museums and other groups hosted events across the United States allowing the public prospects to learn more about the world’s fossil heritage. Many parks, universities and non-profit organizations also take part in the events.

A new National Fossil Day logo is created each year depicting a prehistoric organism. This logo helps to promote National Fossil Day and provide educational institutions an opportunity to share more information about fossils.   The original National Fossil Day logo was created in the year 2010 and presented a fossil mammal known as the Titan. But, in the year 2011, a marine reptile known as the mosasaur was used as the National Fossil Day logo. In the mammoth was featured in the annual logo. A Paleozoic invertebrate known as the eurypterid was highlighted in the annual logo for the year 2013.

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In 2015 the National Fossil Day's artwork features a prehistoric mammal known as a Chalicothere, portrayed in a Miocene prairie grassland. For the National Fossil Day's artwork in the year 2016 it featured a saber-toothed cat, long-horned bison, and a condor, all Pleistocene (ice age) animals, logos in the year 2016.

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How to celebrate this Day

Visit any local museum or gather your friends to do some research about fossils.

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If you love playing outdoor in a luxurious green setting, then Golf might be a game for you to play. So, it’s time to take out the clubs from your storage and get ready to hit the green. National Golf day is observed since 1916 and is celebrated on October 4th every year. It is said that the first professional golf tournament was held on this day.  Although many people claim that the day first steel golf club was allowed to be used in championship play for the first time on this day. Whatever the cause or reason is, put on your favorite golf sweater, as it’s time to enjoy a relaxing game of golf.

About Golf

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Golf is played upon a sequence that has a certain number of goals to reach. While each of these goals contains a hole precisely 4.25” in diameter.

The size of the hole in golf was determined by the size of a pipe used to fortify a crumbling hole in St. Andrews. The hole is located in a special place on the course and it is known as the green, named for the specially tended grass which makes it stand out from the rest of the course.

During the course, there are varying terrain and hazards, from pools of water to pits of sand. However, there are many areas to get in the intrepid golfer's way as he tries to get from the start of the course to the desired hole at the end. The golf course classically consists of 18 holes, but 9 hole courses do exist, which simply require you to play through them twice for a full round of 18 holes.

Everybody who knows about this game has without a doubt heard about the various types of clubs. You will find three basic types of golf clubs, while the first being those known as ‘woods’, which are intended to drive the ball over long distances from open lies, such as a fairway or tee box.

The next type of clubs is known as ‘irons’. This type of club can be used for many sorts of shots, but these are typically used for short distances when approaching the tee.

The third type of club is called the ‘putter’, this type of club designed especially for the purpose for which it was named, putting the ball across the last stretch of green into the much sought-after hole.

If you have a desire to give this sport a try, then find a good golf course near you and get into it. But remember one thing; if you really want to have the look of a true golfer then grab a good pair of argyle socks, golf shoes and sweater! A golfer needs every bit of luck they can get!!

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Golf in the United States

  • An announcement in the Royal Gazette of New York City for golf clubs and golf balls was a great hit in the year 1779.
  • Notice of annual general conference for a golf club in Savannah was published in the Georgia Gazette In 1796.
  • Golf became confidently established in the late 19th century.
  • In 1894, Delegates from the; Newport Country Club, Yonkers, New York, Saint Andrew’s Golf Club, The Country Club, Chicago Golf Club, and Shinnecock Hills Golf Club met in New York City to form what became the United States Golf Association (USGA)
  • Did you know that there were 267 Clubs affiliated to the USGA in the year 1910?
  • 1922 – Walter Hagen became the first native-born American to won the British Open Championship.
  • By 1932 there were more than 1,100 Clubs affiliated to the USGA.
  • 1980 – Over 5,908 Clubs affiliated to the USGA.
  • 2013 – Over 10,600 Clubs affiliated to the USGA.

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The majestic mountains, beautiful landscapes, and the primeval beaches are the main attractions of the Ireland’s Achill Island. This Island has always been a popular European tourist destination.

However, since mid-April, the rugged 57-square mile island with nearly 2,600 residents has gained worldwide fame thanks to the ‘Magical’ return of the beach which washed away over three decades ago.

While the residents of County Mayo's Achill Island which is known as one of the largest islands off the coast of Ireland were surprised by seeing the stunning transformation that took place overnight. However, the beach was returned to its earlier glory after a freak tide dumped thousands of tons of sand along 1,000 feet of the seashore.

History

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The Dooagh Beach which was once a beautiful destination for many. Did you know that this beach was washed away completely not leaving anything after a huge winter storm hit the area in the year 1984? The damage was unforgettable until recently as it rolled away everything along with the beauty of the place and even many people lost their homes. There was, even more, damage done after two storms rolled in back one after one in 2014, abolishing access points to the beach and washed away a road to a nearby pier.

The citizens and operators of local tourism groups are in a hope that the sandy beach is here to stay.

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No one knows how it happened, but around April this year, something magical happened and an unusual ten-day tide encased the barren 300 meter which is a 984-foot stretch of rock beach with hundreds of tons of soft golden sand! While the scientists from the National University of Ireland, Galway suspect that this sand had been gathering offshore for months and was transported to the beach by the high winds and great waves.

The restored beach is attracting hordes of visitors who are wishing to witness the supremacy of nature, with their own eyes. However, the officials are still not sure if it is safe to swim, as they are not too sure about the sand.  As of now, the visitors are recommended to enjoy the soft sand and leave the swimming to the dolphins that frequent the area.

Citizens near Dooagh hope the beach’s restoration also means the return of sand eels, a popular local fragility, which was unable to continue the inhospitable rocky environment left after by the 1984 storms. Clumps of seaweed called “the wrack” have also landed the shore again, a boon for the area’s farmers who use the briny plants to fertilize their land.

Unexpectedly, this is not the first time Dooagh Beach has disappeared and restored again; it vanished in the 1890s, for over 30 years, before returning in 1927. Yet, the locals are optimistic that this time around, the beautiful sand is here to stay!!

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